The top cape is a turn of the century, C.1900 storm cape in very heavy black wool, with a high storm collar. Braid and frogging decorate the collar and the edges of the cape, see detail
. Lined with black cotton sateen. It would have been worn in early winter and would have kept out a lot of cold wind!
From the practical to the frivolous:
The bottom cape is a late 19C, circa 1890 silk taffeta shoulder cape with a black Chantilly lace flounce and black jet beading all over, lined with black silk. This would have been worn for visiting, probably by an older lady.